Valvular Disease

Pericardial Disease

Myocardial Disease

Congenital Disease

Miscellanous

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Atrial Septal Defect

Definition

An abnormal defect in the interatrial septum

Types

Shunt

Cardiac Auscultation

Electrocardiogram

Chest X-ray

Cardiac Catheterization

Should demonstrate an oxygen step-up in the right atrium, as compared with oxygen samples taken from the inferior and superior vena cava

Treatment

M-Mode

2-D

Doppler

Contrast Technique

Postoperative

Patent Foramen Ovale

Atrial Septal Aneurysm

 

 

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