Valvular Disease

Pericardial Disease

Myocardial Disease

Congenital Disease

Miscellanous

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Cardiac Tamponade

Definition

Pericardial effusion, which usually has accumulated rapidly; leading elevation of venous pressure and pulsus paradoxus. An increase in pericardial pressures leads to impaired cardiac filling and, thus, decreased cardiac output.

Etiology

Signs and Symptoms

Complications

Cardiac Auscultation

Chest X-ray

Treatment

M-Mode

2-D

PW Doppler

 

 

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