Valvular Disease

Pericardial Disease

Myocardial Disease

Congenital Disease

Miscellanous

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Pericardial effusion

Definition

An inflammation of the pericardium; the visceral pericardium may react by secreting fluid.

Etiology

Signs and Symptoms

Complications

Cardiac Auscultation

Electrocardiogram

Chest X-ray

Pericardial Effusion Severity Scale

Differential Diagnosis

M-Mode

2-D

Important to Note

When a large effusion is present, the following diagnoses should be deferred until the effusion abates: mitral valve prolapse, tricuspid valve prolapse, aortic valve prolapse, pulmonic valve prolapse, systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve, mid-systolic notching of the pulmonary valve, and mid-systolic notching of the aortic valve.

 

 

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