Valvular Disease

Pericardial Disease

Myocardial Disease

Congenital Disease


Mitral Stenosis - Assessment

Mitral Stenosis Severity Scales


Pressure half-time

Mitral valve area

End-diastolic pressure gradient

Mean pressure gradient


Echo Score Index for Mitral Stenosis to assess for balloon valvotomy



Leaflet thickening

Subvalvular thickening


To determine the echocardiographic score add the grades from the 4 categories. The minimum score is 4 and maximum score is 16. Patients with score < 8 are more favorable candidates for balloon valvotomy.

Mitral Stenosis Main Page



Echocardiography Books