Valvular Disease

Pericardial Disease

Myocardial Disease

Congenital Disease

Miscellanous

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Pulmonary Insufficiency

Definition

The backward or retrograde flow of blood through the pulmonary valve into the right ventricle during diastole; may be acute or chronic.

Etiology

Signs and Symptoms

Complications

Cardiac Auscultation

Electrocardiogram

Chest X-ray

Treatment

M-Mode

2-D

PW Doppler

CW Doppler

Color Flow Doppler

Pulmonary Insufficiency Severity Scales


PW and Color flow Doppler

CW Doppler Spectral Strength of Regurgitant Jet

 

 

Echocardiography Books